Tuesday, September 1, 2009

Japanese verbs form ~te+oku (okimasu) and ~te+miru (mimasu)

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In my previous posts on ~te (~て) form I've learned:
Today I'll be studying ~te+oku (~て+おく) and ~te+miru (~て+みる).

Te
Form + oku, okimasu

~て+おく oku: It means "will do certainly", "do in advance".
~て+おきます okimasu same but polite.

By itself, おく oku means "to put," but after a verb in the Te Form it means "will certainly do (that verb).

You may ask what's a difference between しておく shite oku and plain する suru? Both are "will do".

The answer is that any verb ~te+oku means that someone will definitely do that "verb~ておく" right away or in the very near future. It has a "will go ahead and do" kind of feeling to it. And this will be done in a short time.
  • 待っておきる matte oku: "I will be waiting (definitely)"
  • お弁当を作っておいた obentō o tsukutte oita. (I've made a boxed lunch (for later).)
The "e" in "te" often disappears, so
  • 作っておいた tsukutte oita becomes 作っといた tsukuttoita.
More sentences:
  • Ron ni denwa shite oku. (I'll call Ron.)
  • Mado o akete oku. (I'll open the window.)
  • Kasa o katte okimasu. (I'm going to buy an umbrella.)
  • Kanojo ni ki o tsukeru you ni itte okimasu. (I'll tell her to be careful.)
  • Shukudai o shite okimashita. (I [went ahead and] did my homework.)
The te + oku is usually compressed into something that sounds like "toku." For example, most native speakers would say the last example above so that it sounds like:
  • Shukudai shtokimashita.
That's what you would actually hear.

Te
Form + miru, mimasu

In English you say sometimes "I'll see if I can...," meaning that you would a try. Same in Japanese, miru means "to see," and you put the verb in the Te Form adding miru.
みます mimasu same but polite.
  • 待ってみる matte miru: "I will see if I can wait"
  • Kono kanji o yonde miru. (I'll try to read these kanji.)
  • Kono atarashii PC o tsukatte miyou. (Let's give this new PC a try.)
  • Sushi o tabete minai no? (Won't you try some sushi?)
  • John ni hanashite mimasu. (I'll try to talk to John.)
  • Kare ni denwa shite mimashita ga, rusu deshita. (I tried calling him, but he wasn't in.)
So, I've learned two more things to do with ~te verb form:
~te+oku - "definitely will ~verb".
~te+miru - "will try to~verb".

9 comments:

  1. 待っておきる matte oku

    It should be おく

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  2. ありがとう ございます =D

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  3. this is the most popular post in 2010

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  4. me encanta la forma con que explicas en cada unos de tus post!! yo que estoy en japón siempre los consulto después de mis clases de japonés y me sirve mucho! gracias...:)

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  5. Been struggling with the ておく form for a while. Just couldn't seem to understand the purpose of it.

    However, you're the first to explain it as something like "will definitely do..." and pairing it with てみる (which I already understand) helped even more.

    Thank you very much

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  6. If you are going to use someone else's work in your post it is polite to say so. Not doing so is theft or plagiarism.
    http://ww8.tiki.ne.jp/~tmath/language/jpverbs/lesson67.htm

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  7. This is fantastic! The explanations are so easy to understand. Thank you!!

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  8. Yeah, thank you buddy. I was explained this grammar sturcture 2 weeks ago and I still find it hard to get it. But with your examples I saw it clearer.

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