Wednesday, September 2, 2009

Japanese verbs form ~te+wa ikenai and ~te+mo ii

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In my previous posts on ~te (~て) form I've learned:
Today I'll be studying ~te+wa ikenai (~て+いけない) and ~te+mo ii (~て+もいい).

Te Form + wa ikenai, wa ikimasu

If you hear いけない ikenai alone it means "You must not do that...:, "Don't do that!". In a shopping center where mothers and kids are together and you're bound to hear "ikenai!".
Plain ikenai will be heard more often than ikemasen.
  • Ikenai! (No! Don't!)
  • Ikenai! Joushaken o wasurete shimaimashita! (Oh, no! I forgot my ticket!)
  • Ikenai! Kimiko wa kasa o motte iku no o wasuremashita! (Oh, no! Kimiko forgot to take her umbrella!)
When placed after the Te Form with wa, ikemasen or ikenai point to what's forbidden:
  • 食べてはいけない tabete wa ikenai. (You must not eat this).
  • Shashin o totte wa ikemasen. (You can't take pictures.)
  • Okurete wa ikemasen yo. (Don't be late.)
  • Boku no PC o sawatte wa ikenai! (Don't touch my PC!)
The -te wa element is often "crushed" into "-tcha":
  • Boku no PC o sawatte wa ikenai! becomes
  • Boku no PC o sawatcha ikenai!
Formal situation substitute for -te wa ikenai is -te wa naranai / narimasen.


Te Form + mo ii, mo yoroshii, yo

Te+mo ii is for giving/asking permission. てもいい te mo ii: "You may do/It's ok if you do".
  • 食べてもいい tabete mo ii (You may eat it)
  • Boku no PC o tsukatte mo ii yo. (You can use my PC.)
  • Gohan o tabete kara terebi o mite mo ii. (You can watch TV after you've eaten your dinner.)
  • Jisho o karite mo ii? (Can I borrow your dictionary?)
  • (mo)ii desu ka (May I...?)
  • (moi)i desu yo (Sure you can...)
  • moiiiiiiii-dess! (Enough already! Just forget it!)

ii is often upgraded to the more formal yoroshii:

  • Raishuu no getsuyoubi o yasunde mo yoroshii desu ka. (May I take off next Monday? Polite "desu ka" added.)
  • Kyou, hayaku kaette mo yoroshii. (You may go home early today. No "desu ka". From boss to employee)
In informal speech "mo ii/mo yoroshi" often gets shortened to "yo":
  • Watashi no jisho o tsukatte ii yo. (Sure, you can use my dictionary.)
  • Hai, terebi mite ii yo. (Yeah, you can watch TV.)
Here comes the fun:
  • Denwa shite moii? (Can I call you? An attempt to date.)
  • Kisu shite moii? (Can I kiss you?)

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